12 minutes ago
Thought to have been known as the Tax Mutal, the ancient city of Tikal in the Petén Basin, Gautemala, was the capital of one of the most powerful ancient Maya kingdoms. The site was made a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1979, because it was one of the most important archaeological structures left by the Mayan civilisation. Many of the remaining monuments have preserved multiple decorated surfaces of stone carvings and mural paintings with hieroglyphic inscriptions that detail the dynastic history of the the city and Tikal’s relationship with the other kingdoms of the Mayan civilisation. As archaeologists and researchers have worked on the site, they have uncovered numerous monuments and artefacts that evidence the sophisticated technical, intellectual and artistic achievements of the first settlers in the region (~800 B.C.) to the last stages of historic occupation (~900 A.D.). Tikal has been exceptional in leading experts to a greater understanding of Mayan culture. Most recebt analysis of the site has been by using LiDAR (Light Detection and Ranging), an aerial laser technology. The most incredible discovery to come out of the survey is that Tikal was at least 4 times larger than previously thought! Thus the former calculation of the population of the Mayan world at perhaps 2 million should actually be 10 times higher!
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